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Published 21st September 2019. Updated 6th November 2020

This section links resources about effective giving, a list of EA funds and charity evaluators, advice on donating efficiently, and a list of giving pledges.

Contents

How Rich Are You?

Even if it seems like you have relatively little to give, you may be richer than you think. Try this online calculator from Giving What We Can, to see where you fall on the world income scale and to see what you would achieve with your donation if you chose to direct your donation to a few specific charities.

For example, if an average wage earner in the UK was to donate 10% of their income to one of the GiveWell recommended Global Health charities, their donations could fund:

To learn more about the importance of effective giving, see REG’s introductory guide here.

Choosing Where to Give

There are some organisations that evaluate charities and recommend outstanding giving opportunities, and expert fund managers that can direct your donations. Their recommended charities are characterised by evidence of impact, cost-effectiveness, transparency and room for more funding.

Strategies for choosing where to give

80,000 Hours has a step-by-step guide to choosing where to give, based on your preferences, current knowledge, and the time you have available. This is highly recommended reading.

Charity Evaluators

For global health and poverty recommendations, check out GiveWell which conducts rigorous evaluations of promising interventions and charities and recommends a few highly effective charities. Their recommendations are updated every year based on new evidence.

See recommendations by Animal Charity Evaluators to find out some of the best ways to help farmed animals.

Looking at a broader range of cause areas, Founders Pledge conducts research and recommends charities in a variety of philanthropic fields, including climate change, pandemics, mental health and forced displacement.

The Life You Can Save publishes a list of 22 charities working in global health and poverty based on research from GiveWell and ImpactMatters.

The Open Philanthropy Project conducts research to choose where to allocate funding from Good Ventures. While they generally don’t specifically recommend charities for other donors, their grant database and research is publically available and can be used to inform giving. Each year Open Philanthropy Projects’ staff publish their suggestions for individual donors (suggestions from December 2019).

Funds

Another option is to give your money to a philanthropic fund managed by experts.

EA Funds has funds for Global Health and Development, Animal Welfare, Long-Term Future, and Effective Altruism Meta.

Center on Long-Term Risk Fund (CLR Fund)

The CLR Fund’s mission is to support research and policy efforts to prevent technological risks facing our civilization. The priority areas are decision theory and bargaining, specific AI alignment approaches, fail-safe architectures, macrostrategy research, AI governance, as well as social science research on conflicts and moral circle expansion.

The EA Foundation has a fund dedicated to supporting research and policy efforts to prevent technological risks facing our civilization.

Donor Lotteries

You could also choose to put your money into a Donor Lottery where one donor is selected to choose how all the funds are donated. For example if you donated $10,000 into a fund that generated $100,000, you would have a 10% chance of being able to choose where the entire $100,000 gets donated.

This has an advantage over simply donating if you believe a donation of $100,000 to the organisation you wish to support is more than 10 times better than donating $10,000 to them. Also the person that wins the lottery will be more likely to be motivated to do in-depth research to work out where to donate the money, and that might result in a better choice than if all the contributing donors did only a little research to choose where to donate their smaller sums. The Centre for Effective Altruism organises a donor lottery once a year.

Advice on Donating Efficiently

Giving Tuesday

  • Donors wishing to donate to US registered charities may wish to utilise Facebook’s donation matching campaign “Giving Tuesday”. Each year on a Tuesday in late November or early December Facebook will match donations made through Facebook to registered charities until their matching funds are exhausted. The funds usually run out in seconds, and while some other countries are eligible, few donors from outside of US manages to get their donations matched. More information is on the EA Giving Tuesday website and facebook group.

Tax Information

  • Table of EA-recommended charities and tax-deductible status by country. This table also includes a tax-efficient way of donating to each charity from each country. Remember that charities vary a huge amount in how cost-effective they are. If you get a 30% tax credit for donating, it is better to donate to a charity you think is best, rather than donating 30% more to a tax deductible charity, if you believe the best charity is more than 30% more cost-effective than the tax-deductible charity.
  • If your chosen charity isn’t tax deductible in your country you can apply to swap your donations with an international donor. If you are in a country with a large number of tax-deductible EA charities (e.g. UK, US, Canada, Netherlands, Germany, Switzerland), you may wish to use the donation swap system to help other donors get tax deductions.
  • Understanding tax for UK donors.
  • Guide to tax for US donors by Aaron Hamlin. Note: the standard deduction amount changes over time. Find the current standard deduction here.

Donation Funneling Organisations

There are several EA organisations worldwide that can ‘funnel’ tax-deductible donations through to effective charities and EA organisations in other parts of the world.

Reasons not to donate now

Whether to split your donations between several charities or just donate to one

Matching Campaigns

  • Some charities offer to double or triple your donations - called “donation matching. While there are some exceptions, this matching is usually illusory and the matching funds would have gone to the charity whether or not you donated. This blog post by GiveWell explains more. Exceptions include Facebook’s Giving Tuesday, as while Facebook would have donated the money without your donation, your donation could cause the money to be allocated to more effective charities.

Take a Pledge to Donate in the Future

  • Giving What We Can -A range of giving pledges for anybody to commit to donate a significant portion of their income (the most common is the 10% lifetime pledge, but you can start at 1% with Try Giving) to whichever organisations can most effectively use it to improve the lives of others.
  • Founder’s Pledge - A giving pledge for entrepreneurs and startup founders to give 2% or more of their personal proceeds.
  • Raising for Effective Giving - A giving pledge for professional poker players.
  • GivingAlpha - A pledge for people in the finance industry.
  • One For the World - A pledge to give 1% or more to One For the World’s portfolio of high impact charities.
  • The Life You Can Save Pledge - A pledge to donate to high-impact charities, with the percentage based on your income level, and challenge yourself to do a little bit better each year.

Stories from EAs who give


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